Oct 2

Important aspects of cryptocurrency trading

Navigating the complex world of cryptocurrency trading can be daunting, especially for beginners. The rapidly changing price graphs, a plethora of technical terms, and the constant chatter of market pundits can overwhelm anyone. However, understanding the key concepts and terminologies can significantly demystify the process and aid in making informed trading decisions. This comprehensive guide aims to elucidate these essential components of cryptocurrency trading, supplemented by real-world examples.

The Four States of Price

At the heart of trading lies the asset price, and the cryptocurrency market is no exception. The price of any cryptocurrency primarily oscillates between four states:

1. Consolidation: This is a period when the price of an asset fluctuates within a narrow range, representing a balance between supply and demand. For instance, Bitcoin trading between $29,000 and $31,000 over several days signifies consolidation.

2. Range Expansion: Range expansion is marked by the price fluctuating within a broader range than before, signifying increased volatility. If Bitcoin, previously in consolidation, begins to sway between $28,000 and $33,000, it's a clear indication of range expansion.

3. Reversal: A reversal or trend reversal depicts a shift in the overall direction of the price trend. If Bitcoin, after steadily declining from $35,000 to $30,000, begins to ascend towards $32,000, it might be heading towards a reversal.

4. Pullback or Correction: A pullback or correction happens when the price temporarily counteracts the main trend. If Bitcoin, on a steady upswing from $28,000 to $35,000, takes a minor dip to $32,000 before resuming its ascent, it's experiencing a pullback.
Decoding Trading Concepts

Further into the trading realm, you encounter a set of nuanced concepts that help in understanding market behavior:

Zones: These are price boundaries within which an asset’s price tends to bounce. For instance, if Bitcoin's price tends to reverse at $31,000 (resistance zone) or $29,000 (support zone), these signify crucial price zones.

Breakers: Breakers are areas where the previous market structure is 'broken' by the price action. Suppose Bitcoin breaks the previous $33,000 resistance level, this new price level is deemed a 'breaker'.

Mitigation Block: This is a price range often revisited after a robust price movement. If Bitcoin spikes from $30,000 to $33,000, then retraces to $31,500 before resuming the uptrend, the $31,500 level becomes a mitigation block.

Imbalance: This refers to situations with a significant difference between buy and sell orders. If an unexpected surge in demand for Bitcoin at $30,000 occurs, creating a heavy demand-supply mismatch, it's an example of imbalance.

Divergences: A divergence manifests when the price of an asset and a related indicator move in opposite directions. For instance, if Bitcoin's price records lower lows, while the Relative Strength Index (RSI) marks higher lows, it indicates a bullish divergence and potential price reversal.

Setups: These are specific conditions or patterns that traders look for before making a trade. A trader might decide to buy Bitcoin if it breaks above $31,000 with high volume, a situation that signals strong bullish momentum.

Range: The range refers to the price difference between the highest and lowest levels of an asset within a specific timeframe. If Bitcoin’s price fluctuates between $29,000 and $33,000 in a day, the day's range is $4,000.
Important Price Levels

Price levels can indicate potential turning points in the market, and hence are crucial for traders:

Day Open: The price at the commencement of the trading day.

Asian High and Low: The peak and trough prices during the Asian trading session.

Killzone Open: The starting price of a period with expected high trading activity.

Range High and Low: The peak and trough prices within a specific trading range.

Equilibrium: The price level where the demand and supply meet.

PD Arrays

In trading, "PD arrays" or Price Driven arrays are key to understanding the price action:

50% Order Block: The level splitting an order block's volume in half.

Opening Order Block: The price at which a specific order block was opened.

50% Imbalance: A level signaling potential trend shifts due to significant demand-supply imbalances.


Understanding these concepts and terminologies can serve as a solid foundation for navigating the labyrinth of cryptocurrency trading. This knowledge, combined with responsible risk management practices, can potentially enhance your trading experience. However, remember that trading cryptocurrencies is inherently risky and speculative, necessitating careful decision-making. Always remain updated and never stop learning in the ever-evolving crypto landscape.